The origin of the green hat: Zhu Yuanzhang ordered that the men in the prostitute's house must wear a green scarf and a red girdle around his waist. As a result, people will know that the man in his family is a "brothel clan" when he sees a "green hat". Wearing a "green hat" has become a common name for a man's wife and daughter's prostitution or his wife's private "stealing man"
Green hat, as the name implies, is a green hat, which means being worn a green hat. Implied meaning is that a man's own woman and other men's love affair, then the man is said to be wearing a green hat. It's disgraceful, humiliating and shameless to be put on a green hat.
Ten famous "green hats" in Chinese history
Chinese men are most afraid of wearing the "green hat". There is an interesting historical story. The evolution of "green hat" lasted for two thousand years, while "WuShaMao" originated in the Southern Dynasties during the Liu and Song Dynasties (it is also said that it began to be popular in the Imperial Palace in the Eastern Jin Dynasty). Interestingly, this "hat" was finally "shaped" by Zhu Yuanzhang and became a word with special meaning.
During the Qin and Han Dynasties, prisoners were required to wear a special kind of clothes, which was called "ochre clothes", which was reddish brown. Ban Gu's Hanshu criminal law annals records that "evil and evil coexist, ochre clothes block the road". It can be seen that "Zhe Yi" has become a substitute for criminals in the Han Dynasty at the latest. In the Tang and Song Dynasties, the blue and green colors were regarded as the color of the clothing worn by the Dalits. The local officials in Tang Dynasty "did not impose punishment on the criminals, but ordered them to be humiliated by wearing blue turban" (Wen Jian Lu), and according to the seriousness of the plot, "the number of days is equal, and the day is full is the interpretation". Shen Kuo wrote in Meng Xi Bi Tan: "there are children in Suzhou who don't show off. They have green scarves under their gauze hats. Sun Bochun, the magistrate of the prefecture, judged that:" what's the difference between Turquoise and Turquoise? "This shows that in the eyes of the Tang and Song Dynasties, the people who wear green and various colors are the lowest.
Since the Yuan Dynasty, the clothes of green and various colors were limited to prostitutes and musicians. According to the regulations of the Yuan Dynasty, "prostitutes wear soapy clothes and corner scarves; prostitutes' parents and relatives are wrapped in green headscarves." In 1370, Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor of the Ming Dynasty, issued an imperial edict: "the music master of the Jiaofang should wear a scarf with the top of the Chinese character, tie a light string and girdle, and a prostitute should not be allowed to share his wife with the people." At the same time, it is also stipulated that "the actors of Jiaofang often wear green scarves, so as not to be worn by ordinary people.". Zhu Yuanzhang ordered that the men of prostitutes' houses must wear green scarves, red waistbands and pigskin leather shoes on their feet. They were not allowed to walk in the middle of the street. They were only allowed to "walk along the side" on both sides. As a result, people will know that the "green hat" in their home is the "brothel clan". Wearing "green hat" has become a common name for a man's wife and daughter prostitution or his wife's private "stealing man". It is said that in the spring and Autumn period, men who depended on their wives and daughters to earn their living from prostitution took the green turban as their identification. In ancient China, green was regarded as the color used by lowly people. In the biography of dongfangshuo, the story of Han Dynasty, it was mentioned that Dong Yan, the lover of Princess Guantao, wore a green ribbon on his head. Yan shigu's note said: "green color is the clothing of the lowly. 」。 Li Bai, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, also wrote a sentence in the ancient wind: "who is the son of the green? Who sells pearls lightly?" it can be seen that green was the color used by the lowly at that time.
As for the reason why people regard green as the color of lowly people, there is a saying that it has something to do with turtles. Green is the color of turtles, but the ancients mistakenly believed that female turtles could reproduce only by mating with snakes. They even thought that turtles did not have males. For example, the note wuzazu written by Xie Zhaozhe of Changle in the Ming Dynasty mentioned that turtles could not mate, so they allowed female turtles to mate with snakes to breed offspring. Many ancient books, such as Liezi, ShuoWenJieZi and natural history, have similar views. Therefore, the man whose wife has committed adultery with others is called "Tortoise". It is mentioned in both qixiulei manuscript and Fengshi's record of Fengyan in Tang Dynasty that when Li Feng was the order of Yanling in Tang Dynasty, his subordinates committed crimes, and he asked them to wear green headscarf as a humiliation. However, at that time, the "green turban" had not been defined as the meaning of adultery between his wife and others. It was just a symbol of low status. However, Lang Ying expressed her own opinion in the "seven xiulei draft" that the reason why she used the green turban as a shame was that it was the first dress of a prostitute's husband in the spring and Autumn period.
The definition of green turban as wife adultery should be after the Yuan Dynasty. According to the regulations of the Yuan Dynasty, it was stipulated that the parents of prostitutes and their male relatives should be wrapped in green headscarves, and the two colors were similar. This example has been used until the Ming Dynasty. According to the annals of public service in the history of Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor of the Ming Dynasty, issued an edict in the third year of Hongwu to stipulate that musicians and actors should wear green scarves. The wives of musicians and actors are usually prostitutes and actresses. Although they are mainly engaged in performing arts, the word "lvmaozi" has been used since the Qing Dynasty He painted the sexual bribery in the officialdom at that time. So "green turban" or "green hat" became synonymous with men whose wives had adultery with others. This usage has also been handed down to this day.